How is a PCB manufactured?

The beginning step of any PCB manufacture is the design. Our express manufacturing services ensure that any prototype requirements are manufactured and dispatched to meet all customer expectations. 

Smart Electronics offers inexpensive PCBs for quantities as little as 1 piece to as high as thousands pieces in relatively short time. Our PCB designers are checking every design before starting production, which eliminates the most potential problems like short circuits, un-poured templates etc.

The steps of the PCB manufacturing process are as follows:

01

01

Material Warehousing

02

02

Programming SMT

03 Cutting

03 Cutting

Issued Material, Resist Coat Then, Cutting CCL(Copper Clad Laminate) or Tin core by Standard working size

04 UV Exposure

04 UV Exposure

The photo-resist board needs to be exposed to ultra-violet light through the artwork, using a UV exposure box.

05 Develop, Etch and strip inner layer

05 Develop, Etch and strip inner layer

Unexposed resist is removed exposing bare copper-> Unwanted copper is etched away-> Protective (exposed) resist is stripped away from copper image.

Specification

As a professional PCB manufacturer, we continue to invest in state-of-the-art automation equipment and keep updating our PCB manufacturing process and technologies. Smart Electronics offers maximum 70 layers so ask us as many layers as you want. Click ‘ Smart Data’ to see more options. ​


Smart Data sheets

06 Bonding

06 Bonding

07 Lay-up, Lamination and Press

07 Lay-up, Lamination and Press

Press PCB inner cores, prepregs and copper foils together to be multilayer PCB panels

08 Drilling

08 Drilling

Locate precisely onto CNC drill machine and drill all holes and plated slots.

09 Imaging Outer Layers

09 Imaging Outer Layers

Laminating the dry film and apply photoimageable plating resistand UV image tracks.  Also Exposing circuitry and holes.

10 Electrolytic Plating

10 Electrolytic Plating

Exposed areas of panel are electrolytically plated. Dryfilm is stripped exposing unwanted copper. Unwanted copper is etched away and Tin is stripped.

Surface finish materials

*** We have multiple types of surface finish available according to customers’ specific demands
under the EU Reduction of Hazardous Substances (or “RoHS”) legislation

● Immersion Gold / ● HGSL(Lead Free) / ● Pre-Flux / ● Hard gold / ● Tin

11 Solder resist mask printing

11 Solder resist mask printing

Soldermask is used to define the component holes and pads. Apply the photoimageable solder mask, expose, develop and final cure.

12 Surface finishing

12 Surface finishing

The finish has two critical functions., to protect the exposed copper circuitry and to provide a solderable surface when assembling (soldering) the components to the printed circuit board.

13 Fabrication

13 Fabrication

Panels are silk-screened prior to fabrication and profile the individual circuits on a V-cut or scoring machine.

14 Bare board testing

14 Bare board testing

Either bed of nails or flying probe. Using ICT, Smart Electronics can efficiently test individual components and their electronic characteristics

15 Final Inspection

15 Final Inspection

Including outgoing inspection and reliability Test. Technical drawing and order specification compliance measurements are also carried out at final inspection. 

Automated Optical Inspection(AOI)

Automated Optical Inspection (AOI) equipment is used to inspect all inner PCB layers before proceeding to 
the next step in PCB manufacturing. This process identifies opens, shorts, and reduced traces after pcb etching. 
It is better to locate these problems early in the process, prior to lamination